Medications

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Medications Commonly Use to Treat Kidney Disease

Medication List

Captopril (Capoten): Captopril is used to treat high blood pressure (hypertension). Lowering high blood pressurehelps prevent strokes, heart attacks, and kidney problems. It is also used to treat heart failure, protect the kidneys from harm due to diabetes, and to improve survival after a heart attackCaptopril is an ACE inhibitor and works by relaxing blood vessels so that blood can flow more easily. Take this medication by mouth on an empty stomach (at least 1 hour before meals) as directed by your doctor, usually two to three times a day.

Azilsartan (Edarbi): EDARBI® (azilsartan medoxomil) is a prescription medicine called an angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARB) used to treat high blood pressure (hypertension) in adults. Your doctor may prescribe other medicines for you to take along with EDARBI to treat your high blood pressure.

Eprosartan (Teveten):  Teveten is the brand name of the prescription drug eprosartan, which used to treat high blood pressure.This medicine is also sometimes given to help treat heart failure or diabetic nephropathy (kidney disease in people with diabetes). Teveten belongs to a class of drugs called angiotensin II receptor antagonists. It works by relaxing blood vessels.
    Irbesartan (Avapro): Avapro (irbesartan) is an angiotensin II receptor antagonist used to treat high blood pressure (hypertension). Avapro is sometimes given together with other blood pressure medications. Avapro is also used to treat kidney problems caused by type 2 (non-insulin-dependent) diabetes. Avapro may be available in generic form. To treat hypertension the recommended starting dose of Avapro is 150 mg once daily. Patients requiring further reduction in blood pressure should be adjusted to 300 mg once daily. To treat nephropathy in type 2 diabetic patients, the recommended target maintenance dose is 300 mg once daily. Avapro may interact with diuretics (water pills), digoxin, or blood thinners. Tell your doctor all medications you use. Avapro is not recommended for use during pregnancy due to the risk for harm to the fetus. It is unknown if this drug passes into breast milk. Consult your doctor before breastfeeding.
      Losartan (Cozaar):  Losartan is an angiotensin II receptor antagonist. Losartan keeps blood vessels from narrowing, which lowers blood pressure and improves blood flow. Losartan is used to treat high blood pressure (hypertension) in adults and children who are at least 6 years old. It is also used to lower the risk of stroke in certain people with heart disease. Losartan is used to slow long-term kidney damage in people with type 2 diabetes who also have high blood pressure. Losartan may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.
        Olmesartan (Benicar): Benicar is the brand name of the prescription drug olmesartan, which is used to treat high blood pressure. The medicine is in a class of drugs known as angiotensin II receptor antagonists, which work by relaxing blood vessels. Benicar is sometimes also used to treat heart failure and kidney disease.  BENICAR is 1 medicine, called olmesartan medoxomil, that can be used alone or with other drugs that treat high blood pressure.  BENICAR HCT has 2 different medicines (olmesartan medoxomil and hydrochlorothiazide) in 1 tablet. Taking both medicines has been shown to lower blood pressure more than taking either medicine alone. BENICAR HCT should not be used as the first medicine to treat high blood pressure
          Valsartan (Diovan): The U.S. Food and Drug Administration is alerting health care professionals and patients of a voluntary recall of several drug products containing the active ingredient valsartan, used to treat high blood pressure and heart failure. This recall is due to an impurity, N-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA), which was found in the recalled products. However, not all products containing valsartan are being recalled. NDMA is classified as a probable human carcinogen (a substance that could cause cancer) based on results from laboratory tests. Don't stop taking valsartan suddenly. Talk to your doctor if you are currently taking valsartan. Valsartan is an oral medication that is used to treat high blood pressure and congestive heart failure. It belongs to a class of drugs called angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) which also includes irbesartan (Avapro), losartan (Cozaar), and candesartan (Atacand). Angiotensin, formed in the blood by the action of angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE), is a powerful chemical that attaches to angiotensin receptors found in many tissues but primarily on smooth muscle cells of blood vessels. Angiotensin's attachment to the receptors causes the blood vessels to narrow (vasoconstrict) which leads to an increase in blood pressure (hypertension ). Valsartan blocks the angiotensin receptor. By blocking the action of angiotensin, valsartan dilates blood vessels and reduces blood pressure. Valsartan was approved by the FDA in December 1996.

          Enalapril (Vasotec): 
          Enalapril is used to treat high blood pressure. Lowering high blood pressure helps prevent strokes, heart attacks, and kidney problems. It is also used to treat heart failure and to help prevent people with a certain heart problem (left ventricular dysfunction) from developing heart failure. Enalapril belongs to a class of drugs known as ACE inhibitors. It works by relaxing blood vessels so blood can flow more easily. How to use Vasotec Take this medication by mouth with or without food as directed by your doctor, usually once or twice daily.

          Fosinopril (Monopril): Monopril (fosinopril sodium) is an ACE (angiotensin converting enzyme) inhibitor used to treat high blood pressure (hypertension) or heart failure. Monopril is available in generic form. Fosinopril is used to treat high blood pressure (hypertension). Lowering high blood pressurehelps prevent strokes, heart attacks, and kidney problems. It is also used to treat heart failure. Fosinopril is an ACE inhibitor and works by relaxing blood vessels so that blood can flow more easily.


          Lisinopril (PrinivilZestril): Lisinopril is an angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor used for treating high blood pressureheart failure and for preventing kidney failure due to high blood pressure and diabetes Like all ACE inhibitors, lisinopril may cause a nonproductive cough that resolves when the drug is discontinued. Lisinopril should be stopped if there are symptoms or signs of an allergic reaction including feelings of swelling of the face, lips, tongue or throat. Severe allergic reactions (anaphylaxis) and hives occasionally occur. Rarely, lisinopril may cause a decrease in red blood cells (anemia), white blood cells (leukopenia), and platelets (thrombocytopenia).

          Ramipril (Altace): Ramipril is the generic version of the brand-name drug Altace, which is used to treat high blood pressure(hypertension). Ramipril also reduces the risk of a heart attackstroke, and death in people age 55 and older and at high risk of a major cardiovascular event. It also improves survival when a person's heart is not able to pump enough blood to the body (congestive heart failure) after a heart attack. Ramipril is in a class of drugs called angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, or ACE inhibitors, which work by keeping blood flowing smoothly throughout the body.


          Note: For a more comprehensive list of medications used to treat kidney disease and its complications please visit the National Kidney Foundation of the UK (https://www.kidney.org.uk/help-and-info/medical-information-from-the-nkf-/medical-info-drugs-index/)

          Additional details on medications used to treat kidney disease may be reviewed on the Patients Like Me portal under "Conditions". 

            


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